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The Bauhaus School and its catalytic effect on the evolution of Contemporary Art


 Bauhaus, Leaders and Members, 1926, Eyzak Archive, Paris


  The Bauhaus School, which operated in interwar Germany from 1919-1939 and later from 1938 in America, and whose catalytic influence on the development of Contemporary Art, Architecture and Industrial Design, marked the dialectical correlation of artistic expression and technology.

  The term, which derived from the reversal of the German word "Hausbau" meaning "to build", constitutes a starting point and convergence primarily of the original conception, stylistics and then the practical application with the fundamental principle of functionality and aesthetic perfection, free from any kind of decorative additions. 

  The redefinition of the concept of Matter and materiality through the principles of the Bauhaus philosophy inaugurates a priori formal clarity and purity and formalistic completeness. The sine qua non-constructivist education of members like Josef Al of Moholy-Nagy who, with the predominance of geometric formulas and the emphasis on logical organization and pure constructions, form the mental conception and process by connecting it with mathematical thinking and precision.

  The intention and expressive realization of the Bauhaus principles seek to unify external experience with the multiplicity of harmony as a basic and indivisible element of the illustration and reception of the objective dimension of the world and its manifestations.

Nektarianna Saliverou

Historian-Art Historian